Functional Behavior Assessment Case Study
Functional Behavior Assessment
Every behavior is exhibited either to gain or avoid something. When learning to modify a target behavior, the first step is to find out what is the function of the behavior (gaining or avoiding), and then identify its purpose.
Describe a school-based example of two of the following: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, or extinction.
Discuss at least two benefits of conducting an FBA to address problem behaviors.
After watching the video (located in the assessment section of the module), and filling out the A-B-C analysis form on Kira (the girl in the white shirt), discuss what the function of Kira’s behavior is.
Nigel’s problem behaviour includes cursing, making derogatory comments toward other students, yelling, spitting, and shoving chairs. Discuss the type of a measurement system you would use to collect data on Nigel’s problem behaviors and explain your answer.
Using the information on the matrix for Nigel (located in the assessment section of the module), determine a possible function of the behaviour. Be sure to include a hypothesis statement.
Look at the graph (located in the assessment section of the module). The objective of the function-based intervention was to reduce the instances of Nigel’s problem behaviours (i.e., cursing, making derogatory comments toward other students, yelling, spitting, and shoving chairs) during a twenty-minute small-group activity. Discuss whether or not the intervention was successful. If you were the teacher, would you keep, modify, or discontinue the intervention? Explain your answers.
Discuss how you would go about evaluating an unsuccessful intervention. Include two specific factors that you would examine and explain why they are important.
The attachments are below. The last link is here. Please ensure to view all the criteria and guidelines. http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/module/fba/ Solution Preview
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A school based example of positive reinforcement is having the teacher write a positive note to the students’ parent. A second example of positive reinforcement is giving thumbs up sign from the teacher. Both the reinforcements indicate praise and approval. The school based example of negative reinforcement is asking the student to kneel on the floor for five or ten minutes (a). The second example of negative reinforcement is a private reprimand by the teacher. One example of punishment is the student is asked to stand outside the class for the rest of the class period. The second example of punishment is calling the parent or guardian to give negative feedback about the student. One example of extinction is the teacher does not respond to blurting out by a student and the students stops blurting out.(b) The second example of extinction is that a student is writing notes during reading comprehension. The teacher marks the student a C and the student stops writing notes during reading comprehension.
The first benefit of conducting an FBA to address problem behaviors is that an FBA offers a deeper insight into the behaviors(c). FBA looks beyond behaviors. It helps classify the social and environmental factors that cause the behaviors under examination. The reason behind the person’s behavior is unearthed. This is very useful when dealing with various behaviors. The second benefits of conducting FBA are that FBAs help child development. By carrying out behavioral assessment, the guardian and teachers are able to establish whether or not the person has psychological development or emotional problems (d). Once these problems are identified, the chances of children growing into fully functional adults increases. FBA identifies the causes of inappropriate behavior. It then tries to resolve these problems. For example, …
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