Data Processing, Weighting, Non-Responses, MCAR, MAR, and MNAR

1) Missingness mechanisms:
a. Describe the difference between MCAR, MAR and MNAR missingness.
b. Give an example where you would expect to find missingness of each of these types in survey research.
. 2) Describe 3 methods of handing item nonresponse. For each method, list at least one advantage and one disadvantage for this method.
. 3) Describe three reasons why respondents may refuse to participate in a survey. For each reason, provide a suggestion for how to avoid these cases of nonresponse.
. 4) Fill in the table with the appropriate post-stratification weights (w_i4): 
Solution Preview
1) Missingness mechanisms:
In any of the survey i.e. either on large scale or on a small scale one will face the problem of the missing data. There are some possibilities that responses for a particular question or field are found to be missing. There could be many reasons for that, such as if questionnaire contains the question regarding smoking and drinking habits, responder may not be comfortable with such questions. Also, some people won’t be comfortable to give the response regarding their income. Some of the times, interview cannot be performed because of the absence of the responder, as the responder is not at home at the time of interview.

a) Describe the difference between MCAR, MAR and MNAR missingness.
MCAR stands for Missing Completely at Random. The data where missingness mechanism is not dependent on the variable of the interest or any other observed variable in the dataset, then we say the observations are “Missing Completely at Random” i.e. data is missing at random and it was observed at random.
MAR stands for Missing At Random. The data where missingness mechanism is not dependent on unobserved variables in the data but conditional on some observed variable in the dataset, then we say observations are “Missing At Random” i.e. missing data could be anything but it should be missing.
MNAR stands for Missing Not At Random. Data where missingness mechanism is dependent on the actual values of the missing data, then we say the observations are “Missing Not At Random”.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Data Processing, Weighting, Non-Responses, MCAR, MAR, and MNAR
From $8/Page
Order Essay

b) Give an …

Solution Summary
The solution is very helpful to understand the concept of these types of problem. Step by step solutions are attached for better understanding and clarity to this problem. The terms defined in the solutions are – MCAR, MAR, MNAR, Data processing, weighting, non-responses, and missingness.To continue with the answer check on

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 20% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Top Writers 4Me
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 10k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Thank you so much! I appreciate what you do and all of the great help you've given me!
Customer 452483, September 6th, 2021
English 101
Perfect! Very informative! Appreciate all of your hard work! Thank you very much.
Customer 452483, September 22nd, 2021
Thank you so much!
Customer 452461, June 23rd, 2021
English 101
Perfect! Thank you so much for all of your hard work and help! Appreciate it!!
Customer 452483, August 30th, 2021
Well done! I thank you very much!
Customer 452483, July 9th, 2021
came in earlier than I thought and has all the sources listed and cited in APA format, overall all perfect!
Customer 452461, May 24th, 2021
I appreciate the help.
Customer 452567, March 18th, 2022
Introduction to Sociology
Amazing! Thank you so much for your hard work, appreciate it!!
Customer 452483, October 24th, 2021
Thank you so much for revising this paper for me. It looks great, truly appreciate it! You're awesome :)
Customer 452483, September 14th, 2021
Good job! Thank you.
Customer 452487, October 26th, 2021
Thank you for your hard work; I enjoyed reading the essay and appreciate your writing.
Customer 452483, July 18th, 2021
On point! Appreciate all the hard work!!
Customer 452483, August 16th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
2 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
20% OFF your first order
Use a coupon 24/7HELP and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 20% OFF Order in Chat
Open chat
Chat with us Live Here
Get in Touch with Our Live Chat Agents via WhatsApp on +1(346) 416-0954. Get Unlimited Access to Answers on Any Queries With Your Paper.