B.F. Skinner Theory of Motor Development
B.F. Skinner Theory: give a brief description of the theory as it relates to motor development and growth; and identify important milestones involved, implications of the theory on early childhood education, and one additional fact related to motor development that will help others better understand the theory.
In 1938 B.F. Skinner created the term operant conditioning. It is a behaviorist theory of development; operant conditioning refers to the process of changing behavior by the using reinforcements; these reinforcements are administered after the desired response. He identified three operants:
-Neutral operants: responses from the environment that neither increase nor decrease the probability of a behavior being repeated.
-Reinforcers: Responses from the environment that increase the probability of a behavior being repeated. Reinforcers can be either positive or negative.
-Punishers: Response from the environment that decrease the likelihood of a behavior being repeated. Punishment weakens behavior. (McLeod, 2007)
According to his theory, it …
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