Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

NURS6521 Advanced Pharmacology

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Week 11 Assignment

Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

The unapproved use of approved drugs, also called off-label use, with children is quite common. This is because pediatric dosage guidelines are typically unavailable, since very few drugs have been specifically researched and tested with children.

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in PediatricsWhen treating children, prescribers often adjust dosages approved for adults to accommodate a child’s weight. However, children are not just “smaller” adults. Adults and children process and respond to drugs differently in their absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in PediatricsChildren even respond differently during stages from infancy to adolescence. This poses potential safety concerns when prescribing drugs to pediatric patients. As an advanced practice nurse, you have to be aware of safety implications of the off-label use of drugs with this patient group.

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use

To Prepare

Review the interactive media piece in this week’s Resources and reflect on the types of drugs used to treat pediatric patients with mood disorders.

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in PediatricsReflect on situations in which children should be prescribed drugs for off-label use.

Think about strategies to make the off-label use and dosage of drugs safer for children from infancy to adolescence. Consider specific off-label drugs that you think require extra care and attention when used in pediatrics.

By Day 5 of Week 11

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in PediatricsWrite a 1-page narrative in APA format that addresses the following:

Explain the circumstances under which children should be prescribed drugs for off-label use. Be specific and provide examples.

Assignment: NURS 6521 Off-Label Drug Use in PediatricsDescribe strategies to make the off-label use and dosage of drugs safer for children from infancy to adolescence. Include descriptions and names of off-label drugs that require extra care and attention when used in pediatrics.

Off-Label Drug Use in Paediatrics

            The use of off-label drugs among pediatric patients has increased over the years mainly because of limited clinical trials and research among this population to determine the safety and effectiveness in the management of certain conditions such as mental disorders (Yackey et al., 2019). The purpose of this discussion is to illustrate the off-label use of psychotropic agents for pediatric patients with mood disorders.

Circumstances to Consider

Physicians normally consider several factors such as the lack of standard, safe, and effective licensed therapeutic options for the management of certain conditions, before prescribing off-label medications to children and adolescents (Egberts et al., 2022). Consequently, the process of approval of certain drugs may take a lot of time, and effect, despite proven effectiveness in the management of certain conditions, such as the use of fluoxetine for depression.

Off-Label Drug Safety among Pediatrics

            Official dosing guidelines for most drugs used among children are missing, putting the child at high risk of potential harm with the use of such drugs. However, through evidence-based practice, several pragmatic methods like Fried’s Rule, Webster’s Rule, and Clark’s rule have been proposed, as a result of their great success in arriving at the optimal dose while preventing harm to the pediatric patient (Belayneh et al., 2020).

Drugs to Handle with Extra Care

            The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has provided a list of several pharmacological agents that should be handled with extra care among pediatrics due to their increased risk of suicidal ideation among other adverse effects (Egberts et al., 2022). Such drugs include Seroquel, Zyprexa, Risperdal, and coumadin among others.

Conclusion

The use of off-label drugs among pediatric patients is common and potentially harmful. . This has largely been associated with a lack of adequate clinical trial and research to support their effectiveness and safety among this vulnerable population. Caution should however be taken when prescribing and dosing these medications to avoid adverse effects.

 

 

References

Belayneh, A., Tadese, E., & Molla, F. (2020). Safety and biopharmaceutical challenges of excipients in off-label pediatric formulations. International Journal of General Medicine13, 1051. DOI: 

Egberts, K. M., Gerlach, M., Correll, C. U., Plener, P. L., Malzahn, U., Heuschmann, P., … & Romanos, M. (2022). Serious adverse drug reactions in children and adolescents treated on and off-label with antidepressants and antipsychotics in clinical practice. Pharmacopsychiatry. DOI: 10.1055/a-1716-1856

Yackey, K., Stukus, K., Cohen, D., Kline, D., Zhao, S., & Stanley, R. (2019). Off-label medication prescribing patterns in pediatrics: an update. Hospital Pediatrics9(3), 186-193.

 

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