Assignment: Common Differences Between Viruses and Bacteria
Note: You may work alone or with a partner on these questions. If you work with another student, make sure you both upload the document and state who you worked with clearly on the document, not doing will constitute plagiarism and/or reduction in points.
The Maximum number of students in a group is TWO
Upload answers to the following discussion questions 1-12
For more information and some answers, refer to the chapters on Viruses (Ch.13), Principles of Disease and Epidemiology (Ch.14), Immunology and immune system (Ch. 16, 17, 18) in your textbook and the microbesbook.pdfPreview the document
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Grade based on question number formatting, organization of information/data, accuracy, details and following directions. Please include the resources used in answering these questions at the end.
Answer the following questions
What are some basic differences between bacteria and viruses? b. List the properties that define a virus, are they living or non-living? Justify your answer. c. Why can’t you treat viral infections with antibiotics?
Differentiate between the following sets of terms
Etiology and Pathogenesis
Infection and disease
Pathogenicity and virulence
What are some common reservoirs of infection?
What are zoonoses, give a few examples of these.
5. What are “notifiable” diseases, give a few examples of these.
6. Distinguish between communicable, non-communicable and contagious diseases with examples. Please note, for the communicable, non-communicable and contagious diseases, give examples from the microbial world.
7. Distinguish between nosocomial infections and opportunist infections and give a few examples of these. How can they be prevented?
8. Distinguish between acute, chronic and latent infections with examples.
9. Watch the following John Snow video https://www.pbslearningmedia.org/asset/envh10_vid_johnsnow/ (Links to an external site.) and answer the following questions:
a. What is the name of the field that arose out of his observations?
b. What is the source of infection for the disease cholera as depicted in the video?
c. what is the etiologic agent for cholera? Include your answers here.
10. Differentiate with examples, natural versus artificial immunity and active versus passive immunity.
Here is an Immune cells and Vaccine interactive. You need to enable flash on your computer for the interactives:
History of vaccination
https://www.pbs.org/video/nova-history-vaccination/?continuousplayautoplay=true (Links to an external site.)
Immunity and vaccines
https://www.pbs.org/video/nova-immunity-and-vaccines-explained/ (Links to an external site.)
Types of vaccines and how to make them, interactive (need to enable flash)
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/meningitis/vaccines.html (Links to an external site.)
Distinguish the various types of vaccines ,attenuated whole agent, subunit, toxoid, rDNA (recombinant DNA)
12. Differentiate between SARS-CoV-2 and COVIDd-19. How is COVID-19 testing done? What is the difference between the antibody test and the PCR test for COVID-19? Which is more accurate? And Why?
Tags: virus bacteria COVID19