Assignment: Bandura Bobo Doll experiment

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Assignment: Bandura Bobo Doll experiment

Assignment: Bandura Bobo Doll experiment

Watch the video about Albert Bandura’s Bobo Doll Experiement.  Respond to the following questions and then reply to at least two different students in our class:

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1.  What theory of aggression does the video demonstrate?  Briefly, explain this theory (based on what our textbook states/give us a page number).

2.  What did Bandura do (differently) in the second experiment he designed?  What were the results compared to the Bobo Doll experiment?

3.  What other areas of contemporary life are ripe for this type of aggression development (i.e. T.V., family life, etc)?  Share some examples and explain how this could influence the development of aggressive tendencies (or aggression in general).

4. Any lasting impressions, thoughts, feelings in regards to Bandura’s experiments in this video?

Post an explanation of a threat to internal validity and a threat to external validity in quantitative research. Next, explain a strategy to mitigate each of these threats. Then, identify a potential ethical issue in quantitative research and explain how it might influence design decisions. Finally, explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a quantitative approach.

Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.

The children were exposed to two contrasting adult models, one aggressive and the other non-aggressive. 
Following their observation of the adult’s conduct, the children were placed in room without the model and observed to determine if they would repeat the actions they had seen previously.


During the Bobo doll experiment, Bandura made several significant predictions about what would happen.


Boys would be more aggressive than girls in their behavior.


When children see an adult acting violently, they are more likely to act aggressively too, even if the adult model isn’t around.


Models of the same sex are more likely to be imitated by children than models of the opposing sex.


Children who saw non-aggressive adult model were less aggressive than children who saw an aggressive adult model; the non-aggressive exposure group was also less aggressive than the control group.




The project enlisted the help of 36 boys and 36 girls from the Stanford University Nursery School. 
The children’s ages ranged from three to almost six years, with the average participant being four years and four months old.


There were eight experimental groups in total. 
total of 24 people were randomly assigned to control group that would not be exposed to adult models. 
The remaining youngsters were then split into two groups, each with 24 participants. 
The youngsters in one of the experimental groups would be shown aggressive models, while the other 24 would be shown non-aggressive models.


These groups were then subdivided into boys and girls groups. 
Each of these subgroups was then split in half, with half of the participants seeing same-sex adult model and the other half seeing an opposite-sex adult model.


Bandura measured the children’s current levels of hostility before conducting the experiment. 
After that, groups were paired evenly to ensure that they had similar degrees of hostility.




Each child was examined separately to ensure that their behavior was not impacted by the behavior of other children. 
The youngster was first taken to playroom, where he or she may engage in variety of activities. 
The experimenter then invited an adult model into the playroom and directed her to sit across the room from the youngster who was engaged in identical activities.


The adult models began to play with sets of tinker toys over the course of ten minutes. 
The adult model merely played with the toys and disregarded the Bobo doll for the duration of the non-aggressive condition. 
The adult models, on the other hand, would fiercely attack the Bobo doll under the aggressive model condition.


“The model sat on the Bobo, sat on it, and repeatedly punched it in the nose. 
After that, the model raised the Bobo doll, took up the mallet, and whacked the doll in the head. 
Following the mallet’s aggression, the model angrily hurled the doll into the air and kicked it about the room. 
This pattern of physically abusive conduct was repeated three times, with vocally angry responses thrown in for good measure.”


The adult models employed verbally abusive expressions like “Kick him” and “Pow” in addition to physical hostility. 
“He really is tough fella” and “He keeps coming back for more” are two non-aggressive remarks added by the models.


Following the ten-minute exposure to the adult model, each kid was transported to separate room with variety of tempting toys such as doll set, fire engine, and toy airplane. 
The kids were allowed to play for two minutes before being told they couldn’t play with any of the tempting toys anymore. 
The goal was to increase the level of frustration among the young participants.


Each youngster was then moved to the final trial room. 
mallet, tether ball with face painted on it, dart guns, and, of course, Bobo doll were among the “violent” toys in this room. 
Crayons, paper, dolls, plastic animals, and vehicles were among the “non-aggressive” toys in the area.


After that, each youngster was given 20 minutes to play in this room. 
During this period, raters observed the child’s conduct through one-way mirror and assessed the level of hostility in each youngster.


How Does Observational Learning Affect the Outcomes of Behavior?


Three of the four original predictions were confirmed by the experiment’s findings.


Children in the non-aggressive group were expected to be less aggressive than those in the control group, according to Bandura and his colleagues. 
While youngsters of both genders in the non-aggressive group exhibited less aggressiveness than those in the control group, boys who had watched an opposite-sex model behave non-aggressively were more likely to participate in violence than those in the control group.


When the adult was no longer there, children exposed to the violent model tended to repeat the precise behavior they had watched.


Researchers predicted that guys would be more aggressive than girls, and they were correct. 
Boys were more than twice as likely as girls to engage in physical hostility.


When it comes to whether same-sex or opposite-sex model was observed, there were significant gender disparities. 
Boys who witnessed adult males behaving violently were more impacted than those who witnessed aggressive female models. 
Boys were more prone to copy physical acts of violence in same-sex hostile groups, whereas girls were more likely to imitate verbal hostility, according to the researchers.


Aftereffects and Follow-Up


The experiment’s findings backed up Bandura’s social learning hypothesis. 
The experiment, according to Bandura and his colleagues, reveals how certain behaviors may be taught through observation and imitation. 
“Social imitation may expedite or short-cut the acquisition of novel behaviors without the need to reinforce successive approximations as described by Skinner,” the scientists added.


The adult models’ violent behavior toward the dolls, according to Bandura, caused children to assume that such behavior was normal. 
He further speculated that as result, youngsters may be more likely to react aggressively to displeasure in the future.


Bandura showed that while children were more likely to mimic aggressive behavior if the adult model was praised for his or her acts, they were significantly less likely to imitate if the adult model was punished or scolded for their hostile behavior in follow-up study done in 1965.




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